Sea urchins Loxechinus albus were collected from an unfished population inhabiting inshore areas of the eastern part of the Falkland Islands. This chapter discusses the ecology of Loxechinus albus (L. albus) by focusing on the larval ecology, factors that determine spawning, habitat selection. The red sea urchin Loxechinus albus is distributed from Isla Lobos de Afuera in Peru to the southern tip of South America. Loxechinus albus is one of the most.

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By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Scientific Name with Original Description.

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Saggio sulla Storia Naturale de Cili. Loxechinus albus Two Loxechinus albus Scientific classification Kingdom: Loxechinus albus Molina, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. The alvus values recorded for the utilized condition factor were: In the Magellan Region of southern Chile 52 degrees 20’S – 55 degrees 30’Sthe edible urchin Loxechinus albus is collected by artisanal fishermen, of whom are divers.

Marine Ecology Progress Series. The spawning period varies along the Chilean coast. Over-exploitationits conspicuousness and lack of official harvest control means that this urchin is relatively rare in some parts of its range.


Six-eleven ambulacral plates, geminated, each one with a primary tubercle. The specimens reach commercial size after 8 years. Pedicelaries globiferous with a neck between stem and head, with large valves, variable number loxechlnus lateral teeth, one-four per side. This species feeds both at day and night mostly on drifting algal pieces captured with the aboral pedia.

Loxechinus albus Molina, In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural.

Loxechinus albus – Wikipedia

It is more numerous in exposed locations. Up to m in depth Larrain Loxechinus albus is an echinoderm of the family Parechinidaenative to coastal southern South America, ranging from Ecuador, along the entire coasts of Peru and Chile, to Argentina, as well as the Falkland Islands.

Zagal and Consuelo Hermosilla C. Size frequency of males and females were polymodal, with the most relevant modes at mm in males, and at mm in the females. Launch the Aquatic Species Distribution map viewer.

Primary spines short in adults, conical: This page was last edited on 12 Octoberat Spawning occurred mainly between August and September, loxechinu ended by the end of October. Reproductive a,bus of Loxechinus albus Echinodermata: Juveniles feed on crustose coralline algaediatoms and algal detritus. Test diameters of urchins harvested monthly were measured for a total of specimens, and 36 specimens were individually weighed; sex determination was carried out on 2 specimens.

Known locally in Chile as the ‘Erizo rojo’ red urchinit is harvested commercially by fishermen and is an ingredient in Chilean cuisine. In the Northern Hemisphere, some urchin species have large population swings and may create “barren ground” around them.


The industrial catches for canned gonads has caused the extinction of many local populations. Littoral, intertidal and subtidal pools. The echinopluteus larvae form part of the zooplankton for about thirty days, feeding on phytoplankton.

It is a herbivore and seems to feed on whatever species of alga grow nearby. Spawning period occurs later in the year as latitude increases: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations for a world without hunger.

Echinoidea at the southerly peripheries of their species range, Falkland Islands South Atlantic “. Molina[1].

WoRMS – World Register of Marine Species – Loxechinus albus (Molina, )

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The globiferous pedicellariae have a neck between the stem and head, large valves and several lateral teeth. Numerous large periproctal plates. Feeding behavior and morphological adaptations in two sympatric sea urchin species in central Chile.

Landings of about 27 tons were recorded between January and December