An in-depth introduction to all research methods in linguistics, this is the ideal textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students. Research. Research Methods in Linguistics. Front Cover. Lia Litosseliti. A&C Black, Apr 9, – Social Science – pages. Buy Research Methods in Linguistics by Lia Litosseliti (ISBN: ) from Amazon’s Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible.

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Just as with the chi-square tests above, the degrees of freedom are what allow us to determine whether the t-value obtained reaches a level of statistical significance.

oitosseliti Bargiela-Chiappini and Nickerson Before we can move on and analyse our data — Erez Levon will guide you through this in the next chapter — we need to go through a final step: Research questions are, I argue, the key to any empirical research project. We also examine the basic concepts required for testing these hypotheses.

Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen. For our present purposes, I am assuming equal variance. Or women with rdsearch hair who do not wear make-up?

As one of the key questions in a questionnaire, she planned to ask a group of teachers: In our case, that is two. To understand, however, why people may be doing what they are doing, you normally need to bring in quali- tative considerations. There is another fundamental difference between qualitative and quanti- tative studies. Equally importantly, research questions need to be explicitly docu- mented, in terms inter alia of their origin, rationale and implementation, linuistics the chapter looks at how and where this might be done.

In the interest of space, I will not produce resfarch calculations here. She gained her Ph.

Research methods in linguistics / edited by Lia Litosseliti. – Version details – Trove

Using several actual case studies, Andrews looks at the genesis and types of research questions and methodological implications, as well as problems researchers may encounter. In other words, we will not go through the steps required for collecting and coding the raw data but see Chapter 3and instead only describe the methods to follow once the data is ready to be examined.

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Even though we find work that draws on both of these fields e. Research Methods in Linguistics. However, we would also need to ensure that we balanced these samples by taking them from different places in the novels — if we only took the first 30, words from each novel, we would have a corpus of the beginnings of novels.

And all the research questions should almost certainly be referred to in the discussion: My feeling is that evaluations, coming out of the findings of descriptive research questions, are best expressed in the form of recommendations or implicationsperhaps in a Discussion section or chapter. Tashakkori and Creswell, Recall that t-tests are what we use to examine continuous dependent variables i. In the denominator, we take the square root of a fraction composed of, in the numerator, the sum of the squares of the standard deviations for the Middle Class group 0.

Research Methods in Linguistics (Research Methods in Linguistics) Lia Litosseliti: Continuum

Examples are provided in great detail and problems are worked out with detailed explanations, which go a long way in making many of the discussions quite lively and informative Let us take an example of a research question and work it through: Can some of them be omitted, or fused, or added to?

Is the quotative use of be like in talk in English perceived as gendered by users?

A chi-square test would be able to mdthods us whether this descriptive reseaarch is in fact a significant one i. Since both the dependent and the inde- pendent variables are categorical, a chi-square test is appropriate. A Guide for Social Scientists. Milroy and Gordon — This book provides an excellent introduction to variationist i. Different statistical tests are used depending on whether the variables you are examining both independent and dependent are continuous or categorical.

Nobody seems to infinitive marker have explained this to preposition her. Three strata are identified, namely, post holders, line managers and senior managers. Litosselito way of illustration, attention is paid to research in the broadly defined area of workplace discourse.

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Research Methods in Linguistics

This is because inferential statistics provide a probabilistic measure — that is, they measure the likelihood that the null hypothesis is true. Finally, there may be more pragmatic reasons for building a corpus of a particular size — depending on what texts are available, how much money or time we have to devote to a project or whether we can obtain permission from copyright holders to include a text in a corpus essen- tial if the corpus is to be made public or kept for a long period of time.

An in-depth introduction to all research methods in linguistics, this is the ideal textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students. Chapters cover “the basics”, including extensive illustration, while also exploring problems, controversies and debates within the field.

Find her cheque book M: Her research focus is language in the workplace. Will they allow me to generate further questions at a later stage, in the light of my developing data analysis, should I wish? Chapter 7, by Angela Creese, describes linguistic ethnography and its methodological and analytical contribution to the study of language.

Put simply, the two areas currently correspond to two broad fields of linguistic research, namely, Language for Specific Purposes LSP and applied sociolinguistics see Bargiela-Chiappini et al.

It then focuses on the use of questionnaires in quantitative research, offering many practical ideas on how to design, phrase and code questionnaires. The chapter then examines in some detail two of the most common statistical tests used in linguistics: The data matrix for John would hence look like Table 3.

In order litksseliti place the discussion in context, a brief overview of current issues in mixed methodologies is provided. If we were then to look at a t-test significance chart, we would find that a t-statistic of Ideally, if we use the same measure with the same peo- ple under the same conditions, our measure should give us the same result.