The Poeciliidae are a family of freshwater fishes of the order Cyprinodontiformes, the tooth-carps, and include well-known live-bearing aquarium fish, such as the guppy, molly. Genus, Poecilia Bloch and Schneider, – livebearers, mollies. Species, Poecilia reticulata Peters, – gupi, guppy, millions fish, rainbowfish. Siluriformes, Bagridae, Bagrichthys micranodus, native, Ikan pisang Poeciliidae, Poecilia reticulata, introduced, Guppy, Bahenol.
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Juvenile fish resemble females, and are independent from birth. Dijupuk saka ” https: However, due to release of aquarium specimens and the widespread use of species of the genera Klazifikasi and Gambusia for mosquito control, poeciliids can today be found in all tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Further accidental introductions via release of unwanted pets and escape from aquaculture facilities are likely, and eradication of established populations is extremely difficult without broad scale damage to the aquatic okan and biota.
Habitat Top of page Within its natural range, P.
Monographs in Behaviour and Ecology. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Australia. Title Courtship display Caption Male Poecilia reticulata displaying to female. Eldredge, ; Froese and Pauly, The size of a litter ranges from one to more than offspring, and is highly dependent on the size of the female Reznick and Endler, ; Travis, The Poeciliidae are a family of freshwater fishes of the order Cyprinodontiformesthe tooth-carps, and include well-known live-bearing aquarium fishsuch as the guppymollyplatyand swordtail.
After parturition, fry are immediately able to feed and no further parental care is provided.
It also occurs in Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Brazil, Guyana, Netherlands Klaeifikasi, and the US Virgin Islands Kenny,and it has been found in Barbados, Cuba and Grenada Magurran,but it is not certain whether the species naturally colonised these regions or was introduced.
Phylogenetic diversity index Ref. Widely introduced and established elsewhere, mainly for mosquito control, but had rare to non-existing effects on mosquitoes, and negative to perhaps neutral effects on native fishes Ref.
Pregnant females are recognizable by black triangle between anal and pelvic fins. While colour patterns are usually only expressed in males, characters coded by genes on autosomal or X chromosomes may be expressed by mature females after reproductive senescence Kirpichnikov,or through administration of male hormones Haskins et al.
Poecilia reticulata, Guppy : aquarium
Gupi Gupi lanang kiri dan wadon kanan Status konservasi. Prevention strategies must therefore be carried out by both government and public groups, and empower individuals to contribute to solutions at the regional level. Harassment of heterospecifics females by P. Welcomme, ; Froese vuppy Pauly, Cape Town, South Africa: Females continue to reproduce to months old, and there is no significant period of reproductive senescence.
Retrieved from ” https: Differential mortality as a mechanism for natural selection. Exotic fishes in Hawaii and other islands of Oceania.
Systematic overview of the Poeciliines. Allen, ; Froese and Pauly, Zoogeography of the Antillean freshwater fish fauna.
Poeciliidae – Wikipedia
However, their modes of maternal provisioning vary greatly. After a gestation period of four to six weeks females give birth to live young.
In Australia, no direct studies on the interaction between P. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Sounds Ciguatera Speed Swim. Froese and Pauly, Poeciliids colonized North America through the Antilles while they were connected 44 million years ago.
The database includes records of species introduced or transferred from one country to another. The sex ratio at birth is even, although adult klasifukasi ratios may favour females, indicating that mortality of males is higher. Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia.
FAO, ; Froese and Pauly, It feeds predominately on algae and detritus, but does not disrupt the benthic layer. Uses Top of page Economic Value P.
The fishes of the inland waters of Madagascar. In some areas it is regarded as beneficial as a control agent Juliano et al.
Canadian Journal of Zoology, Females are sexually responsive as virgins, and for three to four days after parturition, but at other times avoid mating attempts by males.
Introductions of commercially significant aquatic organisms to the Pacific Islands [ed. South Pacific Commission, Members of the genus Poeciliopsisfor example, show variable reproductive life history adaptations. This level of matrotrophy allows Poeciliopsis to carry several broods at different stages of development, a phenomenon known as superfetation. Poeciliidae Garman Male courtship behaviour in this species is intense, and males that court at a higher rate are preferred by females, but may also subject to greater predation risk Endler, The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago.
Social Impact Top of page The presence of P. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.