Kesavananda Bharathi is the case which saved Indian democracy; thanks to Shri Kesavananda Bharati, eminent jurist Nanabhoy Palkhivala and the seven. CASE NO.: Writ Petition (civil) of PETITIONER: Kesavananda Bharati Sripadagalvaru and Ors RESPONDENT: State of Kerala and Anr DATE OF. The case of Kesavananda Bharati v State of Kerala had been heard for 68 days, the arguments commencing on October 31, , and ending.

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According to Gajendragadkar, C. Of course whether or not a law promotes peace, order and good government is for the Parliament, not for a court, to decide. Provided that nothing in this clause shall prevent Parliament from enacting at any time any law with respect to the same matter including a law adding to, amending, varying or repealing the law so made by the Legislature of the State.

Kesavananda Bharati vs State Of Kerala And Anr on 24 April,

The Court partially cemented the prior precedent Golaknath v. Case opinions Majority Sikri C. All 13 judges pronounced their separate judgments.

Attorney-General for Canada A. They represent the solemn balance of rights, between the citizens of Ceylon, the fundamental conditions on which inter se they accepted the Constitution; and these are, therefore unalterable kesavanandx the Constitution. Although there is a sharp conflict of opinion whether respect for human dignity and fundamental human rights is obligatory under the Charter see Oppenheim’s International Law; 8th ed.

I have come to the conclusion that every provision is liable to be amended subject to certain limitations and this argument does not affect my conclusion as to implied limitations. One has to only examine the amendments that were made during the Emergency. But he expressed his difficulty in accepting the part of the reasoning in Sankari Prasad’s [] S. I must interpret Article in the setting of our Constitution, in the background of our history and in the light of our aspirations and hopes, and other relevant circumstances.

The expression “amendment of the Constitution” is not defined or expanded in any manner, although in other parts of the Constitution, the word “Amend” or “Amendment” has, as will be pointed out later, been expanded.


Article is most important for our purpose.

At the same time, the Court also upheld the constitutionality of first provision of Article 31 cwhich implied that any constitutional amendment seeking to implement the Directive Principles, which does not affect the ‘Basic Structure’, shall not be subjected to judicial review.

Raj Naraina Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court used the basic structure doctrine to strike down the 39th amendment and paved the way for restoration of Indian democracy. Article 50 directs that the State shall take keasvananda to separate the judiciary from the kwsavananda in the public services of the State.

The Commonwealth 71 C. Article provides for suspension of the provisions of Article 19 during Emergency.

The Federal Court and the Supreme Court of India have recognised and applied this principle in other cases:. Constitutional rights saved If the majority of the Supreme Court had held as six judges indeed did bgarati Parliament could alter any part of the Constitution, India would most certainly have degenerated into a totalitarian State or had one-party rule.

All the six writ petitions involve common questions as to the validity of the Twenty- fourth, Twenty-fifth and Twenty-ninth Amendments of the Constitution. The other passages relied on by the petitioners from the judgments of the other learned Judges on the Bench in that case are as follows:.

Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala – Wikipedia

It is, however, a sound caes of construction that speeches made by members of a legislature in the course of debates relating to the enactment of a statute cannot be used as aids for interpreting any of provisions of the statute.

That report dealt with justiciable fundamental rights; these rights, whether applicable to all citizens generally or to members of minority communities in particular offer a most valuable safeguard for minorities over a comprehensive field of bharaati life. The State of Bombay [] 1 S. There is a limitation on the power of amendment by necessary implication which was apparent from a reading of the preamble and therefore, according to the learned Chief Justice, the expression “amendment of this Constitution”, in Article means any addition or change in any of the provisions of the Constitution within the broad contours of the preamble, kesavanand in order to carry out the basic objectives of the Constitution.


Maharajadhiraja Madhav Rao v. Clause c of the proviso mentions the Lists in the Seventh Schedule, Clause d mentions the representation of States in Parliament, and Clause e the provisions of Article itself.

In my view that meaning would be appropriate which would enable the country to achieve a social and economic revolution without destroying the democratic structure of the Constitution and the basic inalienable rights guaranteed in Part III and without going outside the contours delineated in the Preamble.

The Constitution gives so many assurances in Part III that it would be difficult to think that they were the play-things of a special majority. After examining the implications of partition the sub-committee thought that the question of making changes in the Objectives Resolution could appropriately be considered only when effect had actually been given to the June 3 Plan.

Here also the word “amendment” has a narrow meaning. The provisional Parliament is competent to exercise the power of amending the Constitution under Article So, there is no doubt from a perusal of these provisions that different words have been used to meet different demands. I may mention that Mr.

The case that saved Indian democracy

Seervai, in reply, submitted that the word “entrenched” meant nothing else that than these provisions were subject to be amended only by the procedure prescribed in Section 29 4 of the Ceylon Constitution. You will remember that we passed the Fundamental Rights Committee’s Report which was sent by the Advisory Committee; the major part of those rights has been disposed of and accepted by this House.

He is the only Shankaracharya in the whole state of Kerala. The same rule has been applied to the provisions of this Constitution by this Court in State of Travancore-Cochin and Ors. This contention is not supported by the speeches