In the 8th century BC, India could be broadly understood in terms of five large regions viz. Madhyadesa (the middle country), Pratichya (western lands), Prachya. By the 6th century B.C. there were approximately 22 different Janapadas. The key points related to the Janapadas and the Mahajanapadas are. PDF | On Jan 1, , Karam Tej Sarao and others published Janapadas, Mahājanapadas, Kingdoms, and Republics.

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The Gandhara kingdom sometimes also included Kashmira. The Puranas trace the origin of Kurus from the Puru – Bharata family. Archived from the original on 4 June Jaanpadas to these texts, Koshala was the most janapxdas and biggest kingdom ever in the recorded history. The capital city of Pataliputra was bound in the north by the river Ganges, in the east by the river Champa, in the south by the Vindhya mountains and in the west by the river Sona.

Janapada – Wikipedia

Avanti later became part of the Magadhan empire. The word pada means “foot” cf.

Kambojas are also included in the Uttarapatha. According to old authorities, Chedis lay near Yamuna midway between the kingdom of Kurus and Vatsas. State and Government in Ancient India.


The Vajji state is indicated to have been a republic. Maurya Dynastyc. Sotthivatnagara, the Sukti or Suktimati of Mahabharatawas the capital of Chedi. King Nandivardhana of Avanti was defeated by king Shishunaga of Magadha.

Coin of Early Gandhara Janapada: In the Vedic samhitasthe term jana denotes a tribe, whose members believed in a shared ancestry.

Avanti was divided into north and south by the river Narmada. The Surasena kingdom had lost its independence on annexation by the Magadhan empire. Janapadas were gradually dissolved around BCE. The wool of the Gandharis is referred to in the Rigveda. The country was divided into Uttara-Panchala and Dakshina-Panchala.


16 Mahajanapada and their capitals – General Knowledge Today

Latin cognate genusEnglish cognate kin. Some historians have also theorized that there was a common assembly called the “Paura-Janapada”, but others such as Ram Sharan Sharma disagree with this theory.

The capital of Matsya was at Viratanagara modern Bairat which is said to have been named after its founder king Virata. The Buddhist Anguttara Nikayaat several places, [13] gives a list of sixteen great nations:.

The Kamboja Mahajanapada of the Buddhist traditions refers to this cis-Hindukush branch of ancient Kambojas. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Brahmarshi-desha’the county of the holy sages,’ includes the territories of the JannapadasMatsyasPanchalas and Shurasenas i.

Misra notes that the contemporary society was divided into the four varnas besides the outcastesand the Kshatriya ruling class had all the political rights. Other mahananapadas kings were Prithu, Harishchandra, and Dilip, who are each mentioned in different Puranas, Ramayan, mahajsnapadas Mahabharat.

The Vrishnis, Andhakas and other allied tribes of aand Yadavas formed a sangha and Vasudeva Krishna is described as the sangha-mukhya. The northern Panchala had its capital at Adhichhatra or Chhatravati modern Ramnagar in the Bareilly Districtwhile southern Panchala had its capital at Kampilya or Kampil in the Farrukhabad District.

The Chedis were an ancient people of India and are mentioned in the Rigvedawith their king Kashu Chaidya. This model ultimately evolved into the establishment of political units known as the janapadas.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals

The defeated king, in most cases, would be free to rule his own kingdom, without maintaining any contact with the victorious king. Apart ianapadas the main city or capital, where the palace of the ruling king was situated, there were small towns and villages spread throughout the kingdom, from which tax was collected by officers appointed by the king.

An original dvandva “land and people” is conceivable, but a dual inflection would be expected. With the rise of sixteen Mahajanapadas “great janapadas”most of the states were annexed by more powerful jannapadas, although some remained independent. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. Classical Numismatic Group Inc. Periods of Sri Lanka Prehistory. Similarly, the Yadava clan of kings formed numerous kingdoms in Central India.


The samiti was a common assembly of the jana members, and had the power to elect or dethrone the king. Part of a series on the. Use dmy dates from December Use Indian English from December All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English Pages using infobox country with unknown parameters Articles containing Sanskrit-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Articles with incomplete citations from March All articles with incomplete citations Articles with unsourced statements from February Later on, Pataliputra became the capital of Magadha.

Early modern Mughal Dynastyc. According to the Janapaeasthe capital of the Kurus was Indraprastha Indapatta near modern Delhi which extended seven leagues. Kenoyer”Cultures and Societies of the Indus Tradition. The fact that Janapada is derived from Jana points to an early stage of land-taking by the Jana tribe for a settled way of life.

The river Godavari separated the country of the Assakas from that of the Mulakas or Alakas. They are placed in the north-west in the Markendeya Purana and the Brhat Samhita.

The Gandharas and their king figure prominently as strong allies of the Kurus against the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war. There is a Jataka reference to king Dhananjaya, introduced as a prince from the race of Yudhishtra. Iron Age — BC.

Historian Hem Chandra Raychaudhuri and F.