Discusses Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan as a philosophical story of solitude, mysticism, and understanding. Isolated from human civilization, the infant Hayy ibn Yaqzan is raised by a gazelle on a deserted island Through observation, experimentation, and speculation. Ibn-Tufayl. It was during this time, working for the Almohads that Ibn-Tufayl wrote the first ever philosophical novel, “Hayy Ibn Yaqzan“ or “Living.

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Nothing New Under the Sun

Cambridge University Press, History of Islamic Philosophy. For though by modern psychological criteria, the intellectual development of Hayy as feral child is quite impossible, Ibn Tufayl’s purpose is to offer the trajectory of right thinking given the absence of contrived culture and society.

Here, in harking back to the medical tradition that had come up before him, through Galen, Al-Razi and Avicenna, we see a detailed account of the generation of the human body from in.

Soon though, Hayy began to notice he was unlike the other animals. What made him [Hayy] think so was his naive belief that all men had outstanding character, brilliant minds and resolute spirits.

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Hayy ibn Yaqzan. The abstract philosophical tale of Iby Tufayl is the historically first of a series of such reflections on the nature of human behavior and learning.

Even on the level of physical resemblance, he sees his body as a microcosm of the cosmos. Reza Rokoee – – Filozofia Hayy hzyy presented discovering what weakens and distracts spirit, what worsens vices.

The final part of the quotation is from the Quran He may have studied Sufism while residing in Marrakesh, a prominent Sufi center in the Almohad period. The two disagree irreparably, and Absal departs for the nearby island that is uninhabited in order to be alone and seek union with God. Then he progressed with him, little by little and step by step, until in no time Hayy could speak.


Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan: A Philosophical Tale, Tufayl, Goodman

He destroys and defaces all things; he loves all that is deformed and monstrous; he will have nothing as nature made it, not even man himself, who must learn his paces like a saddle-horse, and be shaped to his master’s taste like the trees in his garden.

He contemplated the qualities they share and those that differentiate one from the other. Federico Stella – – Doctor Virtualis The benevolence and tolerance of their presence in medieval Spain produced a high point in world cultural history.

Absal teaches Hayy to speak and Hayy shares both his survival skills and his philosophic and mystic insight. The third type of likeness contrasts to the two other types, to the inanimate and animate beings on earth. He quickly recognizes that his senses are of no use in this pursuit, since the Being is incorporeal.

Hayy ibn Yaqzan |

In the late s, Muslim Spain was conquered by another Muslim dynasty from North Africa, the Almohads, whose origins hark back to the early twelfth-century spiritual leader Muhammad ibn Tumart.

This vigorous school of thought had mastered the Greeks but also criticized logic and mathematics, affirming the human soul’s innate capacity to discover not only natural law but to reach the most abstruse mystical doctrine.

Sure enough, it was protected, as it arrived on the island safely. In the modern field of developmental psychology, Erik HL Erikson was influential for his epigenetic theory of personality development, which taught that critical elements of human personality unfold according to a hardwired plan, just as physical growth does.


He swears to eat only the bare minimum of food, limiting his diet to only vegetables and fruits in order to preserve the work of the Creator. By way of experiments carried out through reason only, Hayy concluded agreeing with Aristotle that the physical universe is finite. It is why he shields it instinctively in fights, a hand will heal, this thing will not.

Tirelessly he battled against the drives of his body — and they fought back. But we see that in the time it takes for Jupiter to do two rotations, Saturn only completes one.

Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan

Such lines can be assumed in any physical thing. He deduces that he should spend a minimum of time on the appearance of his dwelling. In others it is deeper and in others it is shallower. Hayy Ibn Yaqzan is a novel whose protagonist seeks intellectual knowledge and spiritual fulfillment over a lifetime of scientific experimentation and solitary rumination. He tried at first to use leaves, but they failed miserably, the string always wearing out quickly and the leaves withering and dying so he had to remake it.

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