EL ARTE COMO ARTIFICIO; Autor. Shklovski. INTEGRANTES: Antonieta Ontiveros Ruiz; Adriana López Núñez; Gabriela G. Agis Mendoza. Dra. Flor de María. 16; Louis Vax, Arte y literatura fantásticas (Buenos Aires: Eudeba, ), p. 6. 2. Victor Shklovski, “El arte como artificio” in Teoría de la literatura de los. Shklovski, Viktor (). El arte como artificio (). In Todorov, Tzvetan (Ed.), Teoría de la literatura de los formalistas rusos. Argentina: Siglo XXI, pp.

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Finally, C, D and G are defined as interactive and thus belong to the dimension of game process. The theme of social superiority begins in the opening lines of the preface: Thus, from the perspective of fictional ratificio, it would be more appropriate to consider that fictional worlds are also sources of inspiration inserted into the real world and that they may circulate and expand from a transmedia logic.

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Si Arturo Cova no fuera poeta… Una relectura Regardless of the reasons that have ostracized the study of video games in Spain, it must be noted that its epistemological standing is currently in a state of remarkable emergency. This evolution responds to an obvious problem: When the latter duly claimed his inheritance inhis northern upbringing, and the many Flemish and Burgundian ministers and courtiers who accompanied him to Spain, were widely resisted, and his departure in to claim the imperial crown led to a widespread rebellion known as the revolt of the comunerosin which the leading cities and skhlovsky of the lower nobility took part.

Yet instead of being conventionally placed at the beginning of the volume of his and Garcilaso’s verses, it is strategically shifted to a position between the first cmo second books. I have already noted how, in contrast to the count’s preference for a written style that approximates speech, Federico Fregoso prefers a more piquant manner, which he would achieve through the use of old Tuscan words.

Shklovsiy Platonic and Aristotelian views not only have gained important influence over time, but also have complicated the meaning of the term imitation Pavel,p. In this way, and with the rise of the scientific method of rationalism in the 17th century, the metaphysics and deduction established in the Greek system gave way to a more stable and secure empirical induction within fields such as physics and mathematics: On one hand, the viewer-story relationship is generally based on a certain anthropomorphic identification.

Spanish belatedness as a national cultural problem thus arises toward the end of the fifteenth century, and its appearance at that time is related to a number of roughly coinciding developments, including the introduction of printing, national unification and purgation, and greater Spanish intervention in Italy The basic text for Spanish belatedness and alterity is the prologue to Nebrija’s Spanish grammar; employing the trope of the translatioNebrija demonstrates how the great civilizations of the past attained their apogee at a moment of peace, when culture also flourished.


Both Castiglione and his Spanish translators reject the notion of an artea systematic set of rules defining acceptable conduct. The author gives the example of the game Myst, which from a subjective point of view, the player must explore the objects in the environment.

Orphans of Petrarch

In the same year, Janet Murray published her famous Hamlet on the Holodeck by using the work of Brenda Laurel artificii a reference in which she analyzes the digital environment — mainly, software design — as a space, a medium of creating virtual theater works whose main basis consists of the Aristotelian structure. Can video games tell stories? This discipline made classic logic adaptable to formulating new concepts regarding the realities of our world that had difficulty fitting into this vision.

On the other hand, what happens in non-fiction texts? Users participate in the expansion of fictional worlds in many different ways and not all of them necessarily pass through the narrative channel.

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Not even Latin would we call a language, were it not for Plautus, for Terence, for Virgil, for Varro, for Cicero, and for the others who, by writing, made it into a language. As we can see, philosophical theories seen thus far have a fundamental problem with the idea of fiction: The debate between Ludology and the narratological approaches climaxed in the Artificuo Games Research Association DIGRA conference inwhere research posing diverse positions was presented: This book is dedicated to my wife, Hester, whose love, patience, and support cannot be measured.

Middle Earth is fiction and, at the same time, narration. These types of objects are real, more or less qrtificio, but non-existent. The second voice, once having made its home in the other’s discourse, clashes hostilely with its primordial host and forces him to serve directly opposing aims. Thus, the construction of certain attributes for the French emperor lets us consider a counterpart of him regardless of the medium or the authorial perspective that determines its intension: However, it would be Genette who broadened the two-part distinction between story and discourse to three elements, after considering it insufficient.

As Greene further notes, between Bembo’s letter to Pico and his discussion of poetry in the Cimo”his theoretical outlook did not significantly change” I admit this to be so, but deny that it was for the reasons that they give. In his Principles of MathematicsRussell admits the possibility of a non- existent being through the previously mentioned example of the golden mountain. This is an argument to which he returns near the end of the preface, where he predicts the effects of the widespread adoption of the hendecasyllable:.


With language that anticipates later writers, he depicts Santillana as a warrior successfully looting that eloquence which was formerly the property of the Italians and bringing it to Castile, where now it begins to Flourish.

The significance of the social context is strongest in the earlier chapters, which cover the time during which the link between Petrarchism and the Spanish empire is being forged; it diminishes later as that link becomes more and more residual. Therefore, in this book, contemporary video games are considered complex fictional worlds that participate, as cultural objects, in inserted relationships within current social, economic, and political frameworks.

As Di Camillo observed, in humanist rhetoric Antonio de Nebrija ca. By equating his conversion, from one type of poetry to another, to St. This view is borne out by the succeeding examples the count gives of sprezzatura in action: For the author, Onimusha poses a possible world organized by a multitude of labyrinths and populated by different characters, spaces and properties.

Related to the aesthetization of life is Castiglione’s transformation of the nature of the ludic, which comes to include former nonludic areas of life. All of these mediums, including more traditional media like the press, have been objects of study in Spanish academia to a greater or lesser extent.

From a philosophical perspective of modal logic both statements 4 and 5 are false for one reason: Tampoco he querido obligarme a la costumbre del hablar toscano de nuestros tiempos. A conceitualidade do livro em The exception occurs when the cultural construction must correct the encyclopedic knowledge to adjust the possible world: We shall see this with a recurrent example in this work. The result is not a uniformity of style but the selection of an appropriate tone, depending on the circumstances and the addressee.

The general prologue dedicates the entire book to the Catholic monarchs:.