Official Journal of the European Union. EN. Only the original UN/ECE texts have legal effect under international public law. The status and date. Regulation No 46 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of devices for indirect. [ECE-R46 Uniform provisions concerning the approval of rear-view mirrors and of motor vehicles with regard to the installation of rear-view mirrors, MOD].
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OJ L Chapter 11 Volume P. Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments — Date of entry into force: These can be conventional mirrors, camera-monitors or other devices able to present information about the indirect field of vision to the driver. They are classified as follows:. For traffic conditions the limiting value for a critical perception is eight arc-minutes of visual angle. This may be limited by the relevant detection distance corresponding to the dce object.
The application for approval of a type of device for ecee vision shall be submitted by the holder of the trade name or mark or by his duly accredited representative. For each type of device for indirect vision the application shall be accompanied by:.
Additional specimens may be called for at the request of the laboratory. The samples of devices for indirect vision submitted for approval shall bear the trade name or mark of the manufacturer; this marking shall be clearly legible and be indelible. An approval number shall ecee assigned to each type approved.
Its first two digits at present 02 shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The exe Contracting Party shall eec assign the same number to another type of device for indirect vision.
The approval mark and the additional symbol shall be clearly legible and be indelible. The edge of the reflecting surface must be enclosed in a r446 housing holder, etc.
The dimensions of the reflecting surface must be such that it is possible to inscribe therein:. Where rear view mirrors are not circular, their dimensions shall enable a 78 mm-diameter circle to be prescribed on their reflecting surface. Reflecting surface and coefficients of reflection. The reflecting surface of a mirror must be either flat or spherically convex.
Exterior mirrors may be equipped with an additional aspherical part provided that ecee main mirror fulfils the requirements of the indirect field of vision.
Differences between the radii of curvature of mirrors. The difference between any of the radii of curvature r p1r p2and r p3 and r must not exceed 0,15 r. Aspherical mirrors shall be of sufficient size and shape to provide useful information to the driver. This derogation also applies to the attachments of mirrors attachment plates, arms, swivel joints, etc.
In such cases, a description specifying that the mirror must be mounted so as to conform to the above-mentioned conditions for the positioning of its attachments on the vehicle must be provided.
Where advantage is taken of this derogation, the arm shall be indelibly marked with the symbol. A device is provided which permits determination of the maximum angle assumed by the arm in the plane of release.
Figure 1 below gives the dimensions in mm of the test rig and the special design specifications:. The centre of percussion of the pendulum coincides with the centre of the sphere, which forms the hammer.
– Transport – UNECE
The ecce of m o to the total mass m of the pendulum and to the distance d between the centre of gravity of the pendulum and its axis of rotation is expressed in the equation:. The procedure used to clamp the mirror to the support shall be that recommended by the manufacturer of the device or, where appropriate, by the vehicle manufacturer. When a mirror is adjustable with respect to the base, the test position shall be that in which any pivoting device is least likely to operate, within the limits of adjustment provided by the applicant.
When the mirror has a device for adjusting its distance from the base, the device must be set in the position in which the distance between the housing and the base is shortest. When the reflecting surface is mobile in the housing, it shall be so adjusted that the upper corner, which is furthest from the vehicle, is in the position of greatest projection relative to the housing.
The longitudinal direction of oscillation of the pendulum shall be parallel to the longitudinal median plane of the vehicle. The displacement must be no greater than is strictly necessary for the execution of the test; it must be limited in such a way that:. The impact must be such that the hammer strikes the mirror on the reflecting surface side.
The impact r446 occur on the reflecting surface side. The impact must be such that the hammer strikes the mirror on the side opposite to the reflecting surface. Bending test on the protective housing attached d46 the stem Class VII. The protective housing is placed horizontally in a device in such a way that it is possible to lock the attachment support adjusters firmly.
In the direction of the largest dimension of the housing, the end closest to the point of attachment on the adjuster for the support shall be immobilized by a 15 mm-wide rigid stop covering the entire width of the housing. At the other end, a stop identical to the one described above is placed on the housing eec that the specified test load can be applied to it Figure 2.
The end of the housing opposite to that where the force is exerted may be locked rather than held in position as shown in Figure 2. Example of rear view mirror bending-test rig. However, breakage of the reflecting surface will be allowed if one of the following conditions is fulfilled:. It is permissible for small splinters to become detached from the surface of the glass at the point of impact.
Devices for Indirect Vision
If adjustment by the user is needed, the device for indirect ecf shall be adjustable without the use of tools. The camera should function well under low sunlight conditions. The camera shall provide a luminance contrast of at least 1: The monitor shall render a minimum contrast under various light conditions as specified by ISO It shall be possible to adjust the average luminance of the monitor either manually or automatically eve the ambient conditions.
The measurements for the luminance contrast shall be carried out according to ISO The device shall r64 the visual spectrum and shall always render this image without the need for interpretation into the visual spectrum. The functionality shall be guaranteed under the circumstances of use in which the system shall be put into service. Every type modification of the device for indirect vision including its connection to the bodywork shall be notified to the administrative department which approved the type of device for indirect vision.
The department may then either:. Consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse effect, and that in any case the device for indirect vision still complies with the requirements; or. Require a further test report from the technical service f46 for conducting the tests. The Competent Authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number to each communication form drawn up for such an extension.
If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a type of device for indirect vision approved in accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the authority which granted the approval.
The Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation shall communicate to the United Nations Secretariat the names and addresses of the Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests and of the Administrative Departments which grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or refusal or extension or withdrawal of approval, issued in other countries, are to be sent. The straight line joining these points runs perpendicular to the vertical longitudinal median plane of the vehicle.
The centre of the segment joining the two ocular points is in a vertical longitudinal plane which must pass through the centre of the driver’s designated seating position, as specified by the vehicle manufacturer. The prescribed positions, and type-approval markings of compulsory and if fitted optional devices for indirect vision.
The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to the installation of devices for indirect vision shall be submitted by the vehicle manufacturer or by his duly accredited representative. A vehicle representative of the vehicle type to be approved shall be submitted to the technical service responsible for conducting the approval tests. The Competent Authority shall verify the existence of satisfactory arrangements for ensuring effective checks on conformity of production before type-approval is granted.
Its first two digits at present 02 shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent or technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval.
The same Contracting Party shall not assign the same number to another vehicle type. Mirrors and other devices for indirect vision must be fitted in such a way that the mirror or other device does not move so as significantly to change the field of vision as measured or vibrate to an extent which would cause the driver to misinterpret the nature of the image perceived. Where the presence of a mirror is not requested on a mandatory base, this means that no other system for indirect vision can be requested on a mandatory base.
Rear view mirrors required for L-category vehicles with body work. L category motor vehicles fitted with bodywork which partly or wholly encloses the driver. Where a single exterior rear view mirror is fitted this shall be located on the left hand side of the vehicle in those countries where the traffic drives on the right and on the right hand side of the vehicle in those countries where the traffic drives on the left.
Optional rear-view mirrors for L-category vehicles. The rear-view mirror shall meet the requirements of this Regulation. Mirrors must be so placed that the driver, when sitting on the driving seat in a normal driving position, has a clear view of the road to the rear, side s or front of the vehicle. Exterior mirrors shall be visible through the side windows or through the portion of the windscreen that is swept by the windscreen wiper.
Nevertheless, for design reasons, this last provision i. These mirrors shall not, however, be mounted on vehicles the cab height of which is such as to prevent compliance with this requirement. In this case an other device for indirect vision is not requested.
All Class VII mirrors shall be attached in such a way that they remain in a stable position under normal vehicle driving conditions. The interior mirror must be capable of being adjusted by the driver from his driving position. The exterior mirror situated on the driver’s side must be capable of being adjusted from inside the vehicle while the door is closed, although the window may be open.
The mirror may, however, be locked in position from the outside. Field of vision of Class I mirror. Exterior rear-view mirror on the driver’s side. Exterior rear-view mirror on the passenger’s side.
Field of vision of Class II mirrors. Field of vision of Class III mirrors. Field of vision of Class IV wide-angle mirrors. Field of vision of Class V close-proximity mirror. The field of vision shall be such that the driver can see at least a flat horizontal portion of the road, which is bounded by:.
Field of vision of Class VI front mirror.
Field of vision of Class VII mirrors. The degree of obstruction shall be measured with the headrests adjusted to their lowest possible position and with the sun visors folded back. In the fields of vision specified above, obstruction due to the bodywork and its components, such as other cab mirrors, door handles, outline marker lights, direction indicators and front and rce bumpers, as well as reflective-surface cleaning components, shall not be taken into account if eece are responsible for a total obstruction of less than 10 per cent of the specified field of vision.