Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. , Vol. 30, No. 4, SOME EVIDENCE DONALD G. DUTTON2 AND ARTHUR P. ARON. University of. The suspension bridge experiment was conducted by Donald Dutton and Arthur Aron in , in order to demonstrate a process where people. Short talk about the famous psychological experiment of Douglas Dutton and Arthur Aron in which males passing a high anxiety inducing.
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Registration Forgot your password? Therefore, Dutton and Aron had the woman survey the men under two conditions: In both settings, attractive female confederates approached male subjects and prompted them for help on a psychology project.
Retrieved from ” https: We need to belong or connect with others in enduring, close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology”, 30, — These men may be more prone to sexual adventures and therefore call more frequently than men who crossed the stable bridge.
Dutton and Aron The video was a self-disclosure statement where the female discussed hobbies and other typically dating related material.
Published by Jean Allison Modified over 3 years ago. We think you have liked this presentation. After they made their predictions, the researchers either told them that the noise could make them nervous, the noise would have no effect on them, or they were told that they would not have to do the tasks until the next session a month away after they were exposed to the noise.
Two-Factor Theory of Love – The Psych Apprentice
An example of the possible effects of misattribution of arousal is perceiving a potential partner as more attractive because of a heightened state of physiological stress. At the duthon, the experimenter offered his or her phone number so that the respondent can call in for results if interested. They could earn money for the tasks more money was earned for each anagram unscrambled or each syllable correctly recalled. Methods xnd Design by Goodwin. Paige Coulter-Kern Scott Samale.
The study found that regardless of the stimuli’s polarity, the participants in the aroused state found the attractive confederate more attractive and the unattractive confederate as less attractive than the unaroused participants. The experimenter was female for half of the participants and male for the others. The results suggested that self perception and attribution play durton major role in emotional response.
A study done by White et al.
Methods and Design by Goodwin In conjunction with Valentine’s Day, today’s special Lexicon entry is about a theory on romantic love by Dutton and Aron In contrast, expecting that another person will get a strong versus weak shock did not influence attraction ratings.
The two-factor theory of emotion by Schachter and Singer makes the following prediction: Why we choose the lovers we choose. Share buttons are a little bit lower.
To test this hypothesis the researchers created three separate videos to prime the subjects with a positive, negative, or neutral arousal.
Afterward, the men were given the attractive woman’s phone number in case they had any further questions. The experiment confirmed the researcher’s hypothesis that individuals in a neutral aroused state were more likely to rate a target as attractive than an unaroused individual. Dutton and Arin tested this assumption in the following experiment: A study done by Loftis and Ross in looked at the effects of misattribution of arousal upon acquisition and extinction of a conditional emotional response.
Emotions and Mood Emotions, often called feelings, include experiences such as love, hate, anger, trust, joy, panic, fear, and grief.
After completing the video, participants were given thirteen attraction trait criteria on which to rate the female. Suproxin was actually a shot of epinephrine or a placebo.
Typically people feel more confident before they are supposed duttkn do a task, but the closer they get to having to perform that task, the less confident they feel, which could be due to the arousal from the expectation of the performance.
The researchers then either told the participants the effects of the epinephrine, said nothing about any potential dhtton of the epinephrine, or told them they may feel some effects that had nothing to do with the epinephrine for example, the researchers told the participants they could experience a headache from the shot.
In short, Schachter and Singer found that if a subject has an unexplained state of arousal, they will use cues in the environment to label the emotional state they are in. A second experiment replicated this first experiment. About project SlidePlayer Terms of Service. The confederate played basketball with pieces of balled up scrap paper while in the euphoric state or had to take a questionnaire and became very angry with the personal questions in the anger state.
Because Dutton and Adn saw potential alternative explanations for this result, they replicated the experiment in the laboratory.
Dutton and Aron Suspension Bridge Experiment
However, Dutton and Aron had to take into consideration that some factors of the men, such as the possibility of some men already being involved in a relationship or how an individual male interpreted the woman’s body gestures. Conditions such as experiencing winds during their walk and the nervous feeling may have contributed to their fast-paced heartbeats and rapid breathing.
The original model of misattribution of arousal essentially states that the person who is aroused will only be attracted to the target person, so long as they are unaware of the true cause of arousal. The researchers also found that aroused raters would dislike an unattractive confederate more than those without arousal.
There were no significant differences rutton either bridge when the researchers used a male confederate to give the Thematic Apperception Test and his phone number for any further questions about the experiment.
Operating under this assumption, the researchers developed the two factor theory of emotion.