Busseola fusca exhibits oligophagous feeding behavior on host plants belonging to the family Poaceae. Primary host plants are maize (Zea mays L.) and. Preferred Scientific Name; Busseola fusca. Preferred Common Name; African maize stalk borer. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota; Kingdom: Metazoa. The Maize Stalk Borer (Busseola fusca) is a major pest of Maize and Sorghum.
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Noctuidae on sorghum in the highlands Eritrea. Geographic differences in host acceptance and suitability of two Cotesia sesamiae populations in Zimbabwe.
Observations on the host plant adaptation of Busseola fuxca Lepidoptera: In addition to cultural control, host plant resistance, genetically modified Bt maize and chemical control offer potential options buzseola pest management. Adults Behaviour and Preferences 7. Biological control Many natural enemies of the African maize stalkborer have been reported but their impact is variable across regions, seasons and crops.
They are globular and about 1 mm in diameter.
Busseola fusca (African maize stalk borer)
It was recently shown that sucrose is a feeding stimulant and positively influences food choice by B. Thereby, the female typically sweeps her ovipositor on the plant surface as if evaluating the suitability of the plant, simultaneously touching it bussoela the tips of her antennae, and then, if the plant is accepted, oviposition takes place.
The calling behaviour generally commences during the fourth hour after the onset of the scotophase but it is slightly delayed for females having emerged the same night as compared to older females [ 37 ]. Moth Flight Patterns Light and pheromone traps have been used extensively to study the flight patterns of B.
The influence of rainfall on seasonal abundance and flight activity of the maize stalk borer, Busseolla fusca in South Africa. This list of wild host plants was extended later to other genera of grasses such as CymbopogonCynodonEchinochloaSetariaSporobolus and Tripsacumaccounting for a total of 18 species of wild grasses [ 12135662 ]. Among the most important factors determining larval choice of host plant might be differences in silicon Si content. It was concluded that the grass density was not sufficient to have a reliable effect and planting more border rows was not an affordable technology.
National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. In African species of Sesamia and related genera were morpho-taxonomically revised and finally S. Host Plant Preference and Selection The host plant preference and selection of buusseola site are determined by adults involving the females while larvae are responsible for colonization and feeding.
Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.
The value that stem borer resistance in sorghum hybrids could have in suppression of pest populations was shown by van den Berg [ ]. Later they eat into the growing points, which may be killed so that the dead central leaves form characteristic dry, withered ‘dead-hearts’. Flight and oviposition behaviour of the African stem borer, Busseola fusca busseila, on various host plant species.
Busseola fusca (Fuller)
The maize-stalk borer Busseola fusca, Fuller. Crambidae [ 7 ]. The efficacy of plant-derived pesticides is largely demonstrated not only in grain storage insects see [ ] for review but also to control various insect species by the widely used extracts from the Indian neem tree, Azadirachta indica A.
The adult moth will emerge after a pupal period of days from a hole that they produced before fuscca. The influence of the weather on maize pests.
Basis of host recognition and acceptance of Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: African maize stalk borer-Tanzania. Geographical Distribution Busseola fusca occurs throughout sub-Saharan Africa [ 6 ] but not in Zanzibar and Madagascar [ 48 ].
Migration of late-instar larvae between plants also increases the likelihood of parasitism and predation. Thus, the high numbers of plants infested with larvae in a field are the result of larval incl. Evaluation of four cropping systems in the control of maize stem borers and the effects on maize growth and grain yield.