Aristolochia bracteolata is a perennial, or rarely annual, mostly prostrate but occasionally climbing or suberect, unpleasantly smelling herb growing from 10 – Learn more about Aristolochia uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Aristolochia. Common name: Worm Killer, Dutchman’s Pipe, Bracteated Birth Wort • Bengali: কীরামার Kiramar, Patuvanga • Gujarati: કીરામાર Kiramar • Hindi: कीटमार.

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If so, it contains those species with a three-lobed calyx. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. This page was last edited on 9 Juneat The selection of a suitable candidate aristolocnia for investigations can be done on the basis of long-term use by humans.

Aristolochia bracteolata

Antibacterial Assay The antibacterial activity was tested by agar disc diffusion assay [ 24 ]. Dilutions ranging from 1. The MIC of the compound was defined as the lowest concentration that inhibited the visible bacterial growth and the MBC was defined as the lowest concentration that prevented the growth of the organism after subculture onto antibiotic-free plates.

The antifungal activity was evaluated by measuring the inhibition zone diameter in millimeter observed. Species specific search options Taxon Hierarchy.

Antibacterial activity of Aristolochia bracteata root extracts.

Haider Abdelgadir and Mr. In Australia the invasive Aristolochia littoralis is fatal to the caterpillars of Ornithoptera bracheata and O. Although AA-1 had strong activity against M. Amikacin, cefixime, fosfomycin, cefuroxime, cotrimoxazole, doxycycline, and erythromycin resistant strains of Moraxella catarrhalis were isolated and the widespread production of a -1actamase enzyme renders the bacterium resistant to the penicillin [ 7 — 9 ].

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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. Structure of AA-1, AA-1 methyl ester, and piperonylic acid. The genus of Aristolochia contains a naturally carcinogenic compound AA which has been shown to be the cause of so-called Chinese herb nephropathy or AA nephropathy [ 1920 ], and mutations in the cells of people who consume it, causes more mutations than two of the best-known environmental carcinogens: It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others.

Can include ecosystem services. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. Aristolochia bracteolata Scientific classification Kingdom: Herbal ‘remedy’ may trigger widespread kidney failure.

A bioassay-guided fractionation of methanol extract of Aristolochia bracteolata whole plant was carried out in order to zristolochia its antimicrobial activity and to identify the active compounds in this extract. A new record for Assam, India. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities feeding, mating, etc.

Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. The plant was kindly identified and authenticated by the Taxonomist Dr. Therefore, hit-to-lead exploration is necessary to identify related compounds with low toxicity, low cost, and improved potency that can replace the use of the harmful crude plant material.

This page was last edited on 26 Augustat Herbal compounds containing Aristolochia are classified as a Group 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Lepidoptera feeding on pipevines include:. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Many species of Aristolochia are eaten by the caterpillar larvae of swallowtail butterfliesthus making themselves unpalatable to most predators. It is impossible to ban the use of these remedies, especially in the rural areas in Sudan and other African countries; therefore, we strongly recommend educating the public of the risks versus the benefits of Aristolochia and gradually replacing them with either economical new drugs or standardized extracts and homogenous batches of other plant material with known levels of safe active constituents.

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All fractions were active against sea urchin-derived Bacillus sp. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Aristolochia – Wikipedia

Explicit use of et al. This has led to the search for new and effective therapeutic alternatives among natural compounds. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. There are no stipules.

India Biodiversity Portal

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. View at Google Scholar M. Introduction Moraxella catarrhalis is a gram-negative, aerobic diplococcus human mucosal pathogen which causes middle ear infections in infants and children [ 1 — 3 ], and it is one of the three major causes of otitis media along with Streptococcus pneumonia and Haemophilus influenzae [ 4 aristolocgia.